Hindukush-Karakorum-Himalayas (HKH) ranges join together in Northern Pakistan to host world largest repository of snow and glaciated ice outside Polar Regions. The confluence point of three prominent mountain ranges of the world also lies in Pakistan and elevation in this region of Pakistan ranges from 366 m.a.s.l. to 8611 m.a.s.l. The snow and ice in this region provide ample amount of water to flow in Indus River and its tributaries which ultimately contributes for large agriculture area in the downstream part for agrarian based economy of Pakistan.
The fragile mountainous environment is adversely vulnerable toward specter of global Warming and Climate Change. In IPCC’s report it was claimed that Glacier in HKH are melting rapidly, therefore, PMD operating as National Meteorological and Hydrological service in Pakistan decided to step in permanent glacier monitoring, so that, pace of climate change, that is creeping in Northern Pakistan, can be estimated.
In addition to field visits to study dynamics of glaciers and glacial lakes, remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques were also applied to study various properties of glacier and its geomorphology. PhD and Master researchers in relevant field and technical staff is engaged in different targets related to glacier and glacier dynamics tasks.